MUTUAL FUND

Mutual funds are a type of certified managed combined investment schemes that gathers money from many investors to buy securities. There is no such accurate definition of mutual funds, however the term is most commonly used for collective investment schemes that are regulated and available to the general public and open-ended in nature. Hedge funds are not considered as any type of mutual funds.

Mutual funds are identified by their principal investments. They are the 4th largest category of funds that are also known as money market funds, bond or fixed income funds, stock or equity funds and hybrid funds. Funds are also categorized as index based or actively managed.

In a mutual fund, investors pay the funds expenditure. There is some element of doubt in these expenses. A single mutual fund may give investors a choice of various combinations of these expenses by offering various different types of share combinations.

The fund manager is also known as the fund sponsor or fund management company. The buying and selling of the funds investments in accordance with the funds investment is the objective. A fund manager has to be a registered investment advisor. The same fund manager manages the funds and has the same brand name which is also known as a fund family or fund complex.

As long as mutual comply with requirements that are established in the internal revenue code, they will not be taxed on their income. Clearly, they must expand their investments, limit the ownership of voting securities, disperse most of their income to their investors annually and earn most of their income by investing in securities and currencies.

Mutual funds can pass taxable income to their investors every year. The type of income that they earn remains unchanged as it gets transferred to the shareholders. For e.g., mutual fund distributors of dividend income are described as dividend income by the investor. There is an exception: net losses that are incurred by a mutual fund are not distributed or passed through fund investors.

Mutual funds invest in various kinds of securities. The various types of securities that a particular fund may invest in are mentioned in the funds prospectus, which explain the funds investments objective, its approach and the permitted investments. The objective of the investment describes the kind of income that the fund is looking for. For e.g., a "capital appreciation" fund generally looks to earn most of its returns from the increase in prices of the securities it holds rather than from a dividend or the interest income. The approach of the investment describes the criteria that the fund manager may have used to select the investments for the fund.

The investment portfolio of a mutual funds investment is continuously monitored by the funds portfolio manager or managers who are either employed by the funds manager or the sponsor.

Advantages of Mutual funds are:

1) Increase in diversification.

2) Liquidity on a daily basis.

3) Professional investment management.

4) Capacity to participate in investments that may be available only for larger investors.

5) Convenience as well as service.

6) Government oversight.

7) Easier comparison

like its advantages, the Mutual funds have disadvantages too. Here are some of them:

1) High fees.

2) Less control over timing of recognition of gains.

3) Much lesser predictable income.

4) No opportunity for customization.

There are different types of Mutual funds as well. Here are some of them.

Open-end funds

In open-end mutual funds, one must be willing to buy back their shares from investors at the end of every business day at the net asset value that is calculated for that day. Most of the open-end funds also sell shares to the public on every business day. These shares are also priced at a particular net asset value. A professional investment manager will oversee the portfolio, while buying or selling securities whichever is appropriate. The total investment in the funds will be variably based on share buying, share redemptions and fluctuation in the market variation. There are also no legal limits on the number of shares that can be issued.

Close-end funds

Close-end funds generally issue shares to the public just once, when they are created via an initial public offering. These shares are then listed for trading on a stock exchange. Investors, who dont wish any longer to invest in the funds, cannot sell their shares back to the funds. Instead, they must sell their shares to another investor in the market as the price they may receive may be hugely different from its net asset value. It may be at a premium to net asset value (higher than the net asset value) or more commonly at a lesser to net asset value (lower than the net asset value). A professional investment manager will oversee the portfolio, in buying or selling securities whichever is appropriate.

Unit Investment Trusts

UIT or Unit Investment Trusts issue shares to the public just once when they are created. The investors in turn can cash in on the shares directly with the fund or they may also sell their shares in the market. UITs do not have any professional investment managers. Their portfolio of securities is established by the creation of the UITs and does not undergo any changes. UITs in general have a limited life span, which is limited at their creation.


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How to invest in equity mutual funds without risking your capital The dividends announced by the source scheme will be transferred to transferee scheme at regular intervals.
Tue, 14 Nov 2017 11:51:57 +0530


Mutual funds pour over Rs 11k cr in these 10 largecap stocks in September. Do you own any? Sectors such as financials, aviation, IT, energy and auto were on the radar of fund houses during September.
Mon, 30 Oct 2017 08:48:09 +0530


Sandeep J. Shah Speaking to CNBC-TV18, Shah said he expects the market to consolidate further for a little longer and then move upwards.
Thu, 23 Nov 2017 18:04:22 +0530


Sanjiv Bhasin According to Ashwani Gujral of ashwanigujral.com, tomorrow could be a sideways, range-bound day for the market.
Thu, 23 Nov 2017 16:28:09 +0530


Gautam Shah Shah observed that activity was taking place around 10,100-10,350 zones and once that is taken, the market could rise to 10,600-odd levels.
Thu, 23 Nov 2017 12:09:40 +0530


Better-than-expected state election outcome could propel Nifty to 11K by December US Fed meeting is scheduled in mid-December 2017; though the market has already factored in rate hike it would closely monitor the commentary for future actions.
Thu, 23 Nov 2017 11:13:13 +0530


Nifty likely to head towards 10,600; top 3 stocks could give up to 16% return in 6 months The rally getting bigger highlights inherent strength in the trend amid persistent demand at elevated levels and augurs well for the continuance of the up move going forward.
Thu, 23 Nov 2017 08:50:15 +0530


Sudip Bandopadhyay Sudip Bandopadhyay of Inditrade Capital said market will likely remain range bound for the next one-one and half months barring any global event that may enable it to break the range
Wed, 22 Nov 2017 16:35:42 +0530


Some signs of BFS demand is coming back, but this can only be confirmed in CY19, it added.
Wed, 22 Nov 2017 13:03:51 +0530


Goldman sees India’s FY19 GDP at 8%; negative impact of GST to fade Among other macro parameters, Goldman Sachs sees current account deficit to be widen, but manageable, at 2.1 percent of GDP in FY19.
Wed, 22 Nov 2017 11:51:02 +0530


Market is factoring reappointment of BJP government in state elections: Aneesh Srivastava Srivastava, who is Chief Investment Officer for IDBI Federal Life Insurance, talks about his take on the markets today and where one should ideally invest.
Wed, 22 Nov 2017 11:28:48 +0530


Ashwani Gujral The market is moving sideways in 10250-10350 range and chances are market will continue with sideways move till it makes a decisive move on the upside, said Ashwani Gujral.
Tue, 21 Nov 2017 16:31:46 +0530


UR Bhat Watch the interview of UR Bhat, Director of Dalton Capital Advisors with Prashant Nair and Ekta Batra of CNBC-TV18. He shared his readings and outlook on the market and on a few sectors.
Tue, 21 Nov 2017 13:44:46 +0530


Ajay Srivastava Srivastava is adding portfolios of consumer and infrastructure. The latter will get a boost ahead of elections, he added.
Tue, 21 Nov 2017 11:59:29 +0530


Liquidity scenario expected to come to neutrality in Dec 2017-Jan 2018: HSBC India In an interview to CNBC-TV18, Manish Wadhawan, MD Head of Interest Rates at HSBC India spoke at length about bond market.
Tue, 21 Nov 2017 10:44:00 +0530


Ashwani Gujral SP Tulsian believes the dip seen in Cement stock on back of news that Supreme Court has banned use of pet coke, should be used as a buying opportunity.
Mon, 20 Nov 2017 16:28:56 +0530


R Sukumar Meanwhile, in case of PSU banks, he said that they could lose market share despite recapitalisation.
Mon, 20 Nov 2017 12:33:49 +0530


Strong debut: HDFC Standard Life closes with 19% premium at Rs 344.60 per share The share price rallied as much as 27.24 percent intraday while it opened with 8 percent premium on the NSE.
Fri, 17 Nov 2017 16:15:39 +0530


HDFC Standard Life Insurance extends rally, jumps 27% after good debut The share price opened at Rs 313 per share against issue price of Rs 290.
Fri, 17 Nov 2017 10:06:56 +0530


Heads up! HDFC Standard Life to list on bourses with a premium: Experts Although analysts are not expecting a blockbuster listing, a small premium to the issue price could well be on the cards.
Thu, 16 Nov 2017 21:15:36 +0530


HDFC Standard Life Insurance to debut on bourses on November 17 This would be third life insurance company getting listing on exchanges, after ICICI Prudential Life and SBI Life.
Thu, 16 Nov 2017 11:50:19 +0530


Neeraj Kumar Gupta Investing in Bharat 22 ETF is like participating in the Indian growth story and I am sure investors will take part in this growth story said, Neeraj Kumar Gupta, Secretary, DIPAM.
Wed, 15 Nov 2017 10:56:16 +0530


Bharat 22 ETF anchor book subscribed 6 times As much as 25 percent of the total issue size, or Rs 2,000 crore, was reserved for anchor investors who put in bids worth about Rs 12,000 crore, ICICI Prudential MF said.
Tue, 14 Nov 2017 22:11:07 +0530


Khadim India closes with 8% discount at Rs 688.85 per share on market debut Khadim India has settled the trade at Rs 688.85 per share on the National Stock Exchange against IPO price of Rs 750. During the day, it could not cross issue price.
Tue, 14 Nov 2017 17:25:39 +0530


Galaxy Surfactants files IPO papers with Sebi During the initial share sale, as many as 307 shareholders will sell 63,31,674 shares of the company, according to the draft red herring prospectus (DRHP )filed with Sebi.
Tue, 14 Nov 2017 13:38:06 +0530


Khadim India debuts at Rs 723, a 4% discount to issue price The stock fell as much as 4.5 percent in early trade to hit day#39;s low of Rs 716 while its pre-opening price of Rs 730 remained the highest level.
Tue, 14 Nov 2017 10:08:22 +0530


New Listing: New India Assurance closes 3% lower to listing price on Day 1 The company’s shares closed at Rs 725.05 apiece, down 3.18 percent to the listing price of Rs 748.90 apiece, on the BSE.
Mon, 13 Nov 2017 17:38:59 +0530


The new entrant’s initial public offering (IPO), which sought to raise Rs 9,600 crore, was oversubscribed around 1.19 times. The price band was Rs 770-800 per share.
Mon, 13 Nov 2017 10:05:51 +0530


The Rs 10K crore New India Assurance IPO is likely to list on bourses at a discount: Experts The country#39;s largest general insurance firm New India Assurance Company, which recently concluded its initial public offer, will be making its stock market debut on Monday, November 13, and most likely at a discount or to a slight premium.
Sun, 12 Nov 2017 11:54:07 +0530


New Listing: Mahindra Logistics ends flat on its debut at Rs 429.15 The 3rd party logistics (3PL) solutions provider raised Rs 829.35 crore through the issue, at higher end of price band of Rs 425-429 per share.
Fri, 10 Nov 2017 17:07:49 +0530


Focus on growing non-Mahindra biz; targeting 20% topline growth: Mahindra Logisctics The company has managed to create a unique positioning in the industry and is an asset-light organization, said Pirojshaw Sarkari, CEO, Mahindra Logistics.
Fri, 10 Nov 2017 12:10:04 +0530


Mahindra Logistics debuts at discount to issue price of Rs 429, falls 3% It touched day#39;s low of Rs 416.10 on the National Stock Exchange while its issue price is day#39;s high.
Fri, 10 Nov 2017 10:20:53 +0530

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